Adderall and College Life: What You Need to Know

Adderall and College Life: What You Need to Know

As part of the college experience, students will be challenged in ways that require important life skills. One of these skills is the ability to manage time properly. While time management may be easy for some, academic stresses can lead other students to turn to prescription drugs. Adderall is one of these drugs. It works as a stimulant that affects the central nervous system and brain chemicals that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control, as is the case in people with ADHD. Students may find themselves abusing this drug to help them study.

Assuming that Adderall supports cognitive functioning and allows for longer periods of concentration with fewer hours of sleep, those not prescribed this drug may also find, over time, that higher doses are needed to maintain the desired effects.

Mechanism of action: How does Adderall work?

Adderall is a medication that contains a combination of two chemicals, namely amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, which stimulate the central nervous system. These chemicals affect the brain and nerves and control hyperactivity and electrical impulses. This medication is believed to help restore the balance of these natural neurotransmitters in the brain.

Continued use may lead to increased health risks, including:

– Weight loss

– Breathing problems

– Loss of bladder control

– Bloody urine

– Dizziness

– Fever

– Chills

– Diarrhea

– Heart disease

– high blood pressure

– Fainting

– Chest pain – Weakness

– Kidney infections/pain

– Loss of muscle control

As a result of this substance abuse, the damage one can do to one’s body is quite significant. If you or a loved one has become addicted to Adderall, you should seek drug addiction treatment to regain control of your life.

What should I do if someone I know needs help?

If you think a friend or family member has a drug problem, immediately speak to a trusted adult, such as your parents, a coach, or a teacher. Remember, there are treatments available and people can get better.

In this VETgirl CE veterinary online blog, we review the toxicity of amphetamines in dogs and cats. Amphetamines are used for various illicit and medical reasons. Legal forms include prescription drugs for attention-deficit / attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADD / ADHD), weight loss, and narcolepsy. Examples include dextroamphetamine and amphetamine ( Adderall ® ), D-amphetamine (Dexedrine ® ), methamphetamine (Desoxyn ® ), and lisdexamfetamine ( Vyvanse ® ) *. Illegal forms of amphetamines include illicit drugs such as methamphetamine, methamphetamine, and ecstasy. This class of drugs acts as sympathomimetic agents, which means that they stimulate the sympathetic system. Amphetamines also stimulate α and β adrenergic receptors and stimulate the release of serotonin and norepinephrine; this results in increased stimulation of catecholamines at the synapse. Amphetamines also increase the release of serotonin from the presynaptic membrane, resulting in serotonin syndrome.

With amphetamine toxicosis, secondary stimulation of certain body systems can result in significant clinical signs: CNS (eg, agitation, mydriasis, tremors, seizures), cardiovascular (eg, tachycardia, hypertension), GI (p Eg, vomiting, diarrhea, hypersalivation), and respiratory (eg, gasping). Both the clinical signs and the treatment of amphetamine toxicosis are similar to those of SSRI toxicosis.

Treatment includes decontamination (ideally performed by a veterinarian, due to rapid onset of clinical signs), activated charcoal, hospitalization for sedation (eg, with acepromazine or chlorpromazine), thermoregulation, intravenous (IV) fluid therapy, blood pressure, and electrocardiogram (ECG). ) monitoring, muscle relaxants (for tremors; methocarbamol 22-55 mg / kg, IV), anticonvulsants (eg, phenobarbital 4-16 mg / kg, IV), serotonin antagonists [p. eg, cyproheptadine (1.1 mg/kg for dogs or 2-4 mg total per cat) orally or rectally q. TID-QID] and supportive and symptomatic care.

By Master James

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